QU’EST-CE QUE L’INTIMIDATION?
Dans les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, la loi provinciale définit l’intimidation comme suit: Un comportement agressif et généralement répété d’un élève qui, à la fois: a) se produit à l’école, lors d’une activité liée à l’école ou dans une autre situation lorsque le comportement nuira vraisemblablement au climat scolaire; b) a pour but, ou dont l’élève devrait savoir qu’il aura vraisemblablement cet effet: (i) soit de causer à une personne un préjudice, de la peur ou de la détresse, y compris un préjudice corporel, psychologique, social ou scolaire, un préjudice à la réputation ou un préjudice matériel, (ii) soit de créer un milieu d’apprentissage négatif pour une autre personne c) se produit dans un contexte de déséquilibre de pouvoirs, réel ou perçu, entre l’élève et l’autre personne, selon des facteurs tels que la taille, la force, l’intelligence, le pouvoir des pairs, la race, la couleur, l’origine ancestrale, la nationalité, l’origine ethnique, le lieu d’origine, la croyance, la religion, l’âge, le handicap, le sexe, l’orientation sexuelle, l’expression de l’identité sexuelle, la situation familiale, la filiation, les convictions politiques, l’association politique ou statut social; (bullying). Pour l’application de cette définition d’«intimidation», on entend en outre par comportement le recours à des moyens physiques, verbaux, électroniques, écrits ou autres. On définit plus loin l’intimidation par des moyens électroniques, communément appelée cyberintimidation, s’entend notamment de ce qui suit: a) la création d’une page Web ou d’un blogue dans lequel le créateur usurpe l’identité d’une autre personne; b) le fait de faire passer une autre personne comme l’auteur de renseignements ou de messages affichés sur Internet; c) la communication électronique d’éléments d’information à plus d’une personne ou leur affichage sur une page Web à laquelle une ou plusieurs personnes ont accès.
QU’EST-CE QUE LA CYBERINTIMIDATION ?
La cyberintimidation se définit par de l’intimidation par des moyens électroniques. Elle comprend habituellement une communication électronique hostile ou dégradante d’un élève par l’utilisation de la technologie (p. ex., ordinateur, autre dispositif électronique, réseaux sociaux, messagerie texte, messagerie instantanée, site Web, courrier électronique, etc.) et a pour but de causer à la victime un préjudice, de la peur ou de la détresse. Le préjudice peut être psychologique, social ou scolaire ou peut porter atteinte à la réputation de la victime.
Bullying, Cyberbullying and the Northwest Territories Law
In the Northwest Territories, Bill 12: An Act to Amend the Education Act established a definition of bullying and a Territorial School Code of Conduct, and requires Divisional Education Councils or District Education Authorities to ensure that schools develop safe school plans.
This Bill amends the Education Act to require a Divisional Education Council or, if there is no Divisional Education Council for an education district, a District Education Authority, to ensure:
- a safe schools plan is established for the schools in the education district;
- the schools in the education district implement the plan;
- the plan is made available to the public; and
- the plan is reviewed at least annually, to ensure that it complies with the regulations.
A safe schools plan must include, among other things, measures to address instances of bullying and cyberbullying consistent with the regulations. The advice of parents, school staff and students may be sought during the development of a safe schools plan.
For more details on cyberbullying legislation, including federal legislation, please visit: Legal Consequences of Cyberbullying
Bullying and Cyberbullying Prevention
Educators share responsibility with parents and other adults in students’ lives to nurture the development of the social emotional skills that students need to engage in healthy relationships, and to teach students that bullying and cyberbullying is wrong and unacceptable.
These are your rights as an educator:
- You have the right to invite parents or legal guardians to review the Territorial School Code of Conduct for students that addresses bullying and cyberbullying behaviour.
- You have the right to encourage parents and legal guardians to:
- Help their children abide by the Territorial School Code of Conduct;
- Demonstrate positive behaviours that include showing appreciation and respect for diversity, and engaging in positive, non-violent conflict resolution.
- You have the right to ask for parents or legal guardians to take an active interest in their child’s academic and social progress.
- You have the right to encourage parents or legal guardians to communicate regularly with the school if there is a concern about bullying or cyberbullying.
This is what is expected of you as an educator:
At the Classroom/School Level:
- You are expected to help implement the school’s bullying prevention, intervention and education strategies, which
- integrate evidence-based healthy relationship programming into the school curriculum and daily classroom activities;
- target the entire learning community, including students, parents, school staff and community members;
- address specific issued identified by individual schools;
- provide students with the skills and confidence to resolve conflict in a non-violent way; and
- teach students safe intervention and proactive reporting skills.
- You are expected to model high standards for safe, caring and responsible behaviours.
- You are expected to maintain consistent expectations of positive behaviour for all students.
- You are expected to collaborate with parents and legal guardians in promoting a safe and caring learning environment.
When a bullying or cyberbullying situation occurs
If a student discloses, or if you as an educator have witnessed that a student has been bullied at school, or if you hear about it from school personnel or someone else, these are your responsibilities as an educator.
At the Classroom/School Level:
- You are responsible for ensuring school principals or their delegates are told of the incident, so that they can investigate and address reports of bullying and cyberbullying, including notifying parents/guardians in a timely fashion.
- Delegated school personnel are responsible for working with the parents/guardians and principal in developing and implementing a safety plan for a student who has been bullied, so that he/she can feel safe at school and going to and from school.
- Delegated school personnel are responsible for checking in with the bullied student on a regular basis (e.g., daily, every few days, weekly, biweekly, monthly etc.) to ensure the bullying or cyberbullying has stopped and the situation is resolved.
- Delegated school personnel are responsible for consistently monitoring the student who bullied or cyberbullied to ensure that the student is no longer perpetuating bullying behaviour.
- You should expect there to be a progressive discipline policy in place that guides the choice of just and effective responses to bullying and cyberbullying. Progressive discipline means that initially students who bully receive consequences that help them learn from the experience and take responsibility for their actions, known as “formative consequences”. If bullying behaviour continues, consequences progress in severity. Consequences always take into account the unique characteristics of the situation which include:
- the developmental level of the involved students;
- the prior history of the involved students;
- exceptionalities of the involved students;
- the severity of the incident;
- the harm that was done to the student who was bullied.
At the School District Level:
- You have the right to expect the safe schools plan to include policies and guidelines with respect to:
- the reporting, by students, parents, guardians and other persons, of incidents of bullying;
- the documentation, by the school and the education body, of incidents of bullying; and
- a timely and appropriate response by the school and the education body to incidents of bullying
At the Department Level:
- You should expect there to be resources available to provide the necessary supports to students who have been bullied or cyberbullied, who have bullied or cyberbullied others, and who have witnessed bullying.
Remember to consider your own behaviour, despite any disagreements or hostility you may encounter. Students closely watch what the adults in their life do and are influenced as much by your actions as your words. When students see you being respectful and empathic towards others, even when you disagree, they are more likely to behave the same way.
For more resources, please visit: www.prevnet.ca